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2012年河南成人高考专升本英语考试真题及参考答

发布人: 发布日期:2019-03-27

一、Phonetics (5 points)?Directions: In each of the following groups of words, there are four underlined letters or letter combinations marked A, B, C and D.Compare the underlined parts and identify the one that is different from the others in pronunciation.Mark your answer by blackening the corresponding letter on ANSWER SHEET Ⅰ.

第2题单选 选出下面读音不同的选项()。

A.coach

B.float

C.broad

D.throat

参考答案:C

第2题单选 选出下面读音不同的选项()。

A.riddle

B.ripen

C.privilege

D.primitive

参考答案:B

第3题单选 选出下面读音不同的选项()。

A.decision

B.comprehension

C.extension

D.pension

参考答案:A

第4题单选 选出下面读音不同的选项()。

A.brother

B.thrill

C.these

D.rather

参考答案:B

第5题单选 选出下面读音不同的选项()。

A.comb

B.thumb

C.doubt

D.tablet

参考答案:D

二、Vocabulary and Structure (15 points)?Directions: There are 15 incomplete sentences in this section.For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D.Choose one answer that best completes the sentence and blacken the corresponding letter on ANSWER SHEET Ⅰ.

第6题单选 Whenever he comes to our garden,he can’t help_________the flowers.

A.admires

B.admired

C.admiring

D.to admire

参考答案:C

第7题单选 一Where is Dick?Do you think he’S reached home by now?

一He__________home for a while.

A.woul,d be

B.should be

C.would have been

D.should have been

参考答案:D

第8题单选 I hesitated for a long time,and in the end I decided to_________the job.

A.take

B.apply

C.find

D.search

参考答案:A

第9题单选 Steve looked at the envelope and recognized Jenny’S handwriting_________ .

A.recently

B.immediately

C.exactly

D.frequently

参考答案:B

第10题单选 This time tomorrow,I_________0n the beach,enjoying the sunshine!

A.am sitting

B.sit

C.would sit

D.will be sitting

参考答案:D

第11题单选 The ukulele is a_________instrument,which resembles a guitar.

A.Hawaiian musical small

B.small musical Hawaiian

C.Hawaiian small musical

D.small Hawaiian musical

参考答案:D

第12题单选 -Do you like my new shoes?They were only£15.-Wow!That’S cheap,what a_________!

A.gain

B.profit

C.bargain

D.win

参考答案:C

第13题单选 _________in thought while drivin9,he almost ran into the car coming in the opposite direction.

A.Losing

B.Lost

C.Lose

D.To lose

参考答案:B

第14题单选 You can’t imagine__________foolishly he beghaved at the party.

A.how

B.that

C.what

D.so

参考答案:A

第15题单选 I don't want to watch the football match.Can you________Channel 9?

A.change in

B.change over

C.change to

D.change into

参考答案:C

第16题单选 Women employees________the san'le salaries as men for doing the same work.

A.are paying

B.have been paid

C.paid

D.have paid

参考答案:B

第17题单选 Never the weather been so bad in October.

A.is

B.aye

C.has

D.have

参考答案:C

第18题单选 Many careers require a coUege degree,some jobs,________,only reqmre prevlous experience.

A.however

B.therefore

C.moreover

D.furthemore

参考答案:A

第19题单选 The clock.has 8topped I________get it go again and set the alarm,or I will be late again tomorrow.

A.couId

B.might

C.would

D.must

参考答案:D

第20题单选 Don’t ask him how old be is—be’s really________about it.

A.sen8itive

B.careless

C.cautious

D.anxious

参考答案:A

三、Cloze (20 points)Directions: For each blank in the following passage, there are four choices marked A, B, C and D.Choose the one that is most suitable and mark your answer by blackening the corresponding letter on ANSWER SHEET Ⅰ.

Phvsical activity through sports can enhance your child’s physical health.Sports can alsohaye a positive effect on his mental health.Sports participation helps children ____21____lifeskills such as learning to___22___with loss and disappointment.These mental health benefitscan be___23___ helpful during the chanlenging years of adolescence.

As vour child grows and his body changes,confidence and self-esteem___24___from apositive body image.___25___sports participation helps your child.___26___ a healthy weight andsee his bodv as a___27___ to succeed on the playing field.A good body image improves mentalhealth so that your child is less ___28___ to experience feelings of low self-worth.

Children who participate29sports must learn to work with their teammates to___ 30___a goal.Through sports a child is___31___to build confidence in his abilities.Winning does nothave.to be the only confidence builder.A___32___ pass or assist during a game also lmproVe8confidence.

Exercise and sports participotion have been___33___to have antidepressant(抗抑郁的)effects.Children who play sports generally report having a positive___34___ 0n life.Inprovedself-esteem can___35___ a child not only in sports events,but also in academic pertormance.

第21题单选 填入(21)处的最佳答案是()。

A.stimulate

B.develop

C.motivate

D.create

参考答案:B

第22题单选 填入(22)处的最佳答案是()。

A.deal

B.make

C.disagree

D.struggle

参考答案:A

第23题单选 填入(23)处的最佳答案是()。

A.actuallv

B.specifically

C.especially

D.merely

参考答案:C

第24题单选 填入(24)处的最佳答案是()。

A.arise

B.raise

C.lift

D.move

参考答案:A

第25题单选 填入(25)处的最佳答案是()。

A.Typical

B.Popular

C.Common

D.Regular

参考答案:D

第26题单选 填入(26)处的最佳答案是()。

A.retmn

B.reserve

C.maintain

D.prevent

参考答案:C

第27题单选 填入(27)处的最佳答案是()。

A.form

B.tool

C.symbol

D.technique

参考答案:B

第28题单选 填入(28)处的最佳答案是()。

A.likely

B.hardly

C.gradually

D.really

参考答案:A

第29题单选 填入(29)处的最佳答案是()。

A.on

B.in

C.with

D.over

参考答案:B

第30题单选 填入(30)处的最佳答案是()。

A.settle

B.arrive

C.obtain

D.arhieve

参考答案:D

第31题单选 填入(31)处的最佳答案是()。

A.able

B.capable

C.qualifed

D.skilled

参考答案:A

第32题单选 填入(32)处的最佳答案是()。

A.frequent

B.free

C.successful

D.gradual

参考答案:C

第33题单选 填入(33)处的最佳答案是()。

A.implied

B.applied

C.referred

D.shown

参考答案:D

第34题单选 填入(34)处的最佳答案是()。

A.meaning

B.outlook

C.expectative

D.approach

参考答案:B

第35题单选 填入(35)处的最佳答案是()。

A.improve

B.demand

C.benefit

D.promote

参考答案:C

四、Reading Comprehension (75 points)Directions: There are four reading passages in this part.Each passage is followed by five questions.For each question there are four suggested answers marked A, B, C and D.Choose one best answer and blacken the corresponding letter on ANSWER SHEET Ⅰ.

For generations,the Nganyi people of western Kenya have served as rainmarkers,helpinglocal communities decide when best to prepare their land and SOW their seeds.By observingsubtle changes in nature that would be unnoticeable to most people--in air currents,theflowering and shedding of leaves of certain trees,the behaviour of ants,bird songs,etc-theyhave been able to interpret weather paterns and provide valuable advise.

But the irregular weather patterns brought by climate change mean the rainmakel's can nolonger use those signs to make their predictions.And they don't have accDs8 to the technologiesavailable to meteorologists(气象学家).

“ Climate change‘has come on so fast.People don’t know how to adapt or what.to plant,”says Obedi Osore.a traditmnal Nganyi weatherman.“0ur traditional crops are disappearingbecause thev cannot handle the new conditions.We need new strategies to handle climatechange.”

Now a.British Canadian project is doing just that,linking the rainmakers with governmentmeteorologists.The two groups get together each season and produce all agreed forcast to bespread using a variety of methods suited to communities where many cannot read on wnte—through ceremonies,public meetings and person to person communication.

Both Darties arepleased with the collaboration.“I think the-two,sciences are equallyvalid.We are marrying our energies to help people better.”says Mr.Onunga,a Nyanyicommunity elder involed in the project.

“results have been surprisingly good-the community agreed that the forcast was

accurate.”savs Gilbert Ouma,a lecturer at the University of Nairobi.

“Through this project we hope to learn what it is that we can share together to live today and to adopt to tomorrow.”says Professor Laban Ogallo,leader of the Nganyi projeet.

第36题单选 Which of the following has been used by traditional Nganyi rainmarkers in weather prediction?

A.Plant seeds

B.Dog barks

C.Bird songs

D.Ocean currents

参考答案:C

第37题单选 What difficulty do local rainmakers face in making weather predictions?

A.They cannot find an effective way to deliver messages.

B.They lack moderwtechnologies to cope with climate change.

C.They cannot get financial support from the local government.

D.They lack the facilies to stop traditional crops from disappearing.

参考答案:B

第38题单选 How do people involved in the British Candian project feel about their cooperation?

A.Satisfied.

B.Confused.

C.Hopeful.

D.Regretful.

参考答案:A

第39题单选 Which statement best expresses the.main idea of the passage?

A.A British Canadian project has been carried out to solve farming problems.

B.The Nganyi people have made weather forecasts by observing changes.in nature.

C.New technologies have replaced traditional methods in weather prediction in Kenya.

D.Scientists and Kenyian rainmakers work sogether in a joint weather predictionproject.

参考答案:D

After taking a six—week,fully paid maternity leave(产假)earlier this year,FrancineGemperle was anxious to resume her job but reluctant to be away from her baby daughter,Veronica.Fortunately,she didn’t have to choose between them.Maya Design,a Pittsburghbased creative consulting firm,allows parents to bring newborns:into the office.

“If I'd had to leave my children after my maternity leave ended.I would never have goneback to work,”says Gemperle a designer and researcher,who also brought her son Mile.intothe office after he was born.

She’s not the only parent taking advantage of the ben6fit.Senior analyst Jon West bringshis 10.month—old soil.Owen,the office several times a month.In fact,when West consideredusing only part of his paternity leave,his co—workers urged him to take all six weeks.

“I had pressure to take that leave,”recalls West,“People told me.‘It's an important part of your life and you need to expenience it.’”

“No matter how quiet the baby is,it’s an obvious distraction(分心的事).”says Tory Johnson the chief executive of Women for hire.a New York City—based recruiting firm, No one has complained yet.Even if somebody did,it would’t matter to Mickey McManus,Mayas’s CEO and president who argues that the policy builds loyalty and helps parents shiftback into work mode.

As part of its balancing act,Maya shares up to 20%of quarterly profits with itsemployees.However,the size of those checks might be up in the air at the moment.The firmonce laid off five workers and it is now 4-day weeks to avoid more layoffs.

“Be transparrent,”MCmanus advises,“so workers know they can trust you.”

第40题单选 Which of the fonowing is true about Maya Design?

A.It hires women with familes.

B.It has some overseat branches.

C.It provides consulting services.

D.It encourages the staff to work at home.

参考答案:C

第41题单选 What is Tory responsibility according to the passage?

A.Taking on women employees.

B.Dealing with women’s complaints.

C.Dismissing unqualified women staff.

D.Taking care of womeil staffs welfare.

参考答案:A

第42题单选 What is the advantage of Maya’s policy according to Mickey MeManus?

A.It cuts down the management cost.

B.It increases staff loyalty to the firm.

C.It keeps a balance between work and life.

D.It promotes equality in employment

参考答案:B

第43题单选 Which of these would be the best title for the passage?

A.A Flexible Working Schedule

B.A Staff Shortage in Mays Design

C.A Pittsbergh—bassed Working Place

D.A Company Taking Care of Young Parents

参考答案:D

Harry Potter fans will instantly recognize the snowy owl as Harry’s famous companion.Hedwig,but these beautiful and powerful owls are easily recognizable not for their magicalassociations,but for their large size and striking white feathers.Snowy owls are,in fact,theonly white owl,and they are a highly sought after species for many birdwatchers to add to theirlife lists.

Foods:Small mammals,birds,fish.

Habitat and Migration:Snowy owls are found in far northern latitudes including tundra,avast treeless frozen region in the Arctic.Their breeding grounds(繁殖地)are in the Arctictundra,and they migrate south throughout Canada during the winter.In exceptionally severewinters or when food supplies are scarce,these owls can appear much further south than theirnormal range.While principally a North American bird.they can also migrate to the northernareas of Europe and Asia.

Behaviour:Snowy owls,like aⅡowls,are powerful animal hunters that are active mostlyat night but Call bunt and feed during the day,especially when food supplies are low.Theseowls will rest on the ground or on rocks,stumps and other low favourable points.Males can befierce when defending the nest and both genders will also perform an“injured bird”act totempt animal invadeTs to go away from the nest.

Reproduction:Snowy owls may incubate(孵卵)3—10 eggs for 30—34 days,or theincubation may be done primarily by the female.The baby owls remain in the nest for 14—21days and will attempt their first flight when they are 42—58 days old.Mated pairs will raiseone group of young birds per year unless food supplies are inadequate and then no eggs may beproduced.

第44题单选 What have you learned from Paragraph 1 ?

A.Harry Potter fans like snowy owls.

B.Hedwig is one of the snowy owl watchers.

C.The snowy owl is a large bird with white feathers.

D.It is easy to find snowy owls in snow covered areas.

参考答案:C

第45题单选 What does Paragraph 3 tell about snowy owls?

A.They can be found in Asia and Europe.

B.They live in groups in hard winter days.

C.Their breeding grounds are in areas south to Canada.

D.They appear in the Artic when food supplies are scarce.

参考答案:A

第46题单选 For snowy owis,one way to detend their nest is.

A.to stand on a rock nearby

B.to pretend to have been injured

C.to spread their wings

D.to give a warning

参考答案:B

第47题单选 What will snowy owls probably do when food is insufficient?

A.They may stop producing eggs.

B.They will reduce their flights.

C.They will be less active at night.

D.They will only hunt during the day.

参考答案:A

We lost two superstars in 1977.Neither man’s admirers have been able to understand thesuccees of the other one.And this tells us something of the difference between the generationsthat the two singers represent.

There were similarities between Bing Crosby and Elvis Presley.Both reached fame whileyoung and because very rich.Although neither one had any musical education,both developedtheir own musical styles。which were at first criticized by the Critics and later studied as newforms in the art of popular son9.Both man had successful movie careers despite a total lack ofacting ability.

Both were creations of the microphone.which made it possible for signers with weakvoices to be heard beyond the third row.With Bing the microphone was usually hidden,butElvis brought it to the stage.

The difference between the men reflects the changing values in American life.Crosby’smusic was soothing(令人舒畅的);Presley's was disturbin9.Crosby was singing to wartimeAmerica.His audiences had all the disturbances they could handle in their private lives.theydid not want to buy more at the record shop and the movie theater.

Crosby’s admirers always said how“relaxed”and“natural”he was.When Presley beganhis career,the whole country had become relaxed and easygoin9.Its young people,who hadno rftemory of troubled times.found it borin9.They were hungry for excitement.Theywelcomed Elvis,who was certainly not the kind of young man their parents would admire.Presley was loud and valgar(粗俗的)-and he was bringing something new and exciting.

It is probably too simple to explain each man in terms of changes in the economic and political situation.Something in the culture was also changing.

第48题单选 Which of the following could be inferred about Crosby and Presley?

A.They died in the same year.

B.They became popular in 1977.

C.They influenced each other in music.

D.They represented the postwar generation.

参考答案:A

第49题单选 In which aspeet the singers are similar to each other?

A.Their songs were widely used in movies.

B.They became famous in late years of their lives.

C.Their musical styles are not recognized by the critics.

D.Neither of them received any formal musical education.

参考答案:D

第50题单选 What did Crosby's audiences get from his music?

A.Excrement.

B.Disturbance

C.Ease and comfort.

D.Passion and thrill.

参考答案:C

第51题单选 What is most likely to be discussed if the passage continues?

A.The political situation that the two singers faced.

B.The cultural changes that the two singers experienced.

C.The economic influence on the music of the two singers.

D.The messages that tlle two singewrs expressed in their music.

参考答案:B

Harry Potter fans will instantly recognize the snowy owl as Harry’s famous companion.Hedwig,but these beautiful and powerful owls are easily recognizable not for their magicalassociations,but for their large size and striking white feathers.Snowy owls are,in fact,theonly white owl,and they are a highly sought after species for many birdwatchers to add to theirlife lists.

Foods:Small mammals,birds,fish.

Habitat and Migration:Snowy owls are found in far northern latitudes including tundra,avast treeless frozen region in the Arctic.Their breeding grounds(繁殖地)are in the Arctictundra,and they migrate south throughout Canada during the winter.In exceptionally severewinters or when food supplies are scarce,these owls can appear much further south than theirnormal range.While principally a North American bird.they can also migrate to the northernareas of Europe and Asia.

Behaviour:Snowy owls,like aⅡowls,are powerful animal hunters that are active mostlyat night but Call bunt and feed during the day,especially when food supplies are low.Theseowls will rest on the ground or on rocks,stumps and other low favourable points.Males can befierce when defending the nest and both genders will also perform an“injured bird”act totempt animal invadeTs to go away from the nest.

Reproduction:Snowy owls may incubate(孵卵)3—10 eggs for 30—34 days,or theincubation may be done primarily by the female.The baby owls remain in the nest for 14—21days and will attempt their first flight when they are 42—58 days old.Mated pairs will raiseone group of young birds per year unless food supplies are inadequate and then no eggs may beproduced.

第44题单选 What have you learned from Paragraph 1 ?

A.Harry Potter fans like snowy owls.

B.Hedwig is one of the snowy owl watchers.

C.The snowy owl is a large bird with white feathers.

D.It is easy to find snowy owls in snow covered areas.

参考答案:C

第45题单选 What does Paragraph 3 tell about snowy owls?

A.They can be found in Asia and Europe.

B.They live in groups in hard winter days.

C.Their breeding grounds are in areas south to Canada.

D.They appear in the Artic when food supplies are scarce.

参考答案:A

第46题单选 For snowy owis,one way to detend their nest is.

A.to stand on a rock nearby

B.to pretend to have been injured

C.to spread their wings

D.to give a warning

参考答案:B

第47题单选 What will snowy owls probably do when food is insufficient?

A.They may stop producing eggs.

B.They will reduce their flights.

C.They will be less active at night.

D.They will only hunt during the day.

参考答案:A

We lost two superstars in 1977.Neither man’s admirers have been able to understand thesuccees of the other one.And this tells us something of the difference between the generationsthat the two singers represent.

There were similarities between Bing Crosby and Elvis Presley.Both reached fame whileyoung and because very rich.Although neither one had any musical education,both developedtheir own musical styles。which were at first criticized by the Critics and later studied as newforms in the art of popular son9.Both man had successful movie careers despite a total lack ofacting ability.

Both were creations of the microphone.which made it possible for signers with weakvoices to be heard beyond the third row.With Bing the microphone was usually hidden,butElvis brought it to the stage.

The difference between the men reflects the changing values in American life.Crosby’smusic was soothing(令人舒畅的);Presley's was disturbin9.Crosby was singing to wartimeAmerica.His audiences had all the disturbances they could handle in their private lives.theydid not want to buy more at the record shop and the movie theater.

Crosby’s admirers always said how“relaxed”and“natural”he was.When Presley beganhis career,the whole country had become relaxed and easygoin9.Its young people,who hadno rftemory of troubled times.found it borin9.They were hungry for excitement.Theywelcomed Elvis,who was certainly not the kind of young man their parents would admire.Presley was loud and valgar(粗俗的)-and he was bringing something new and exciting.

It is probably too simple to explain each man in terms of changes in the economic and political situation.Something in the culture was also changing.

第48题单选 Which of the following could be inferred about Crosby and Presley?

A.They died in the same year.

B.They became popular in 1977.

C.They influenced each other in music.

D.They represented the postwar generation.

参考答案:A

第49题单选 In which aspeet the singers are similar to each other?

A.Their songs were widely used in movies.

B.They became famous in late years of their lives.

C.Their musical styles are not recognized by the critics.

D.Neither of them received any formal musical education.

参考答案:D

第50题单选 What did Crosby's audiences get from his music?

A.Excrement.

B.Disturbance

C.Ease and comfort.

D.Passion and thrill.

参考答案:C

第51题单选 What is most likely to be discussed if the passage continues?

A.The political situation that the two singers faced.

B.The cultural changes that the two singers experienced.

C.The economic influence on the music of the two singers.

D.The messages that tlle two singewrs expressed in their music.

参考答案:B
 

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